Sweden and Japan have agreed on a social security agreement to coordinate the social security of people who work or live in both Sweden and Japan. The agreement will enhance the safety of workers and their families who travel between the two countries. It will also make it easier for Swedish companies doing business with Japan. “The world is getting smaller and mobility in the labour market is increasing year after year. Japan is one of our main trading partners outside the EU and about 3,000 Swedes work in Japan. This agreement not only strengthens the security of individuals, but it also benefits businesses in both countries,” said Strandhäll.Im last year, Japan and Sweden celebrated 150 years of diplomatic relations. During the Swedish state visit to Tokyo in April 2018, in which the king, queen and representatives of the Swedish government participated, the two countries agreed, after several years of negotiations, to sign a social security contract. The agreement aims to ensure that individuals do not lose social security rights when they change from a country – in particular pension rights – and that companies are not obliged to pay double social security contributions. The agreement also facilitates Swedish companies operating in Japan. In Japan, both chambers of the Japanese parliament must vote in favour of the agreement after the agreement is signed. Family members accompanying the worker to one of the countries also remain covered by the social security system of the country of origin during the same period, unless the family members also do work. The United States currently has social security agreements with Canada, Chile, South Korea, Australia and most of Western Europe.
1. During the fourth round of negotiations in Tokyo from 9 to 13 April, representatives of the Japanese government and the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden reached an agreement in principle on the social security agreement between Japan and Sweden. On April 25, Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan, and Mrs Abe met with Her Majesty, King Carl XVI Gustaf of the Kingdom of Sweden and Her Majesty Queen Silvia, to welcome the agreement in principle. Both parties will continue to work on the necessary procedures, such as development. B of all the terms of the agreement, with the aim of singing as soon as possible. A bid contract will be negotiated after the agreement is signed. This is necessary for the authorities of each country to be able to deal with cases in reality. Then, the parliaments of the countries must approve the agreement before it can enter into force. In Sweden, this means that the government is presenting a government project to the Riksdag.
An agreement would also fill gaps in benefit protection for U.S. workers who have worked in both countries, but not long enough in one or both countries to qualify for benefits. Australia currently has 31 bilateral international social security agreements. All of these agreements are based on the concept of shared responsibility. Responsibility-sharing agreements are reciprocal. Under each agreement, partner countries make concessions to their social security qualification rules so that those covered by the agreement have access to payments that they may not be eligible for. The responsibility for social security is thus distributed among the countries in which a person has lived during his or her working years and where the person is able to obtain potential rights.