Most air services are excluded from U.S. trade agreements. When air services are included, the scope is very limited. In these cases, the Office of International Aviation cooperates with the Office of the United States Trade Representative and the State Department to ensure that these provisions are consistent with U.S. aviation policy. In the General Service Tariff Agreement (GATS), the Air Services Annex explicitly limits air service coverage to aircraft repair and maintenance operations, computerized reservation systems, and the sale and marketing of air transport. Under our bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements (FTAs), air service coverage is limited to aircraft repair and maintenance services and specialized air services. For more information, please contact us. In 1913, a bilateral exchange of notes  between Germany and France was signed in the first agreement to provide airship services. Harold Demuren, former Director General of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority, said in a statement to the press, following BASA`s renegotiations between Nigeria and Qatar in 2016, that the agreement reached by the Qatar-designated airline, which had seven frequencies to Nigeria at the time, gave more entry points to the country. , thus exacerbating the problems of national airlines.
His argument was that the country did not have a local airline capable of competing with Qatar Airways, which made the agreement unilateral, despite the confidence of Finance Minister Kemi Adeosun, that signing the agreement would result in much more investment and business opportunities between Qatar and Nigeria. On 1 May 2001, the United States and Brunei, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore signed a multilateral open-air agreement, known as the Multilateral Agreement on the Liberalization of International Air Transport (MALIAT). The department continues to invite our aviation partners to join MALIAT in order to reach open skis with several partners. In the meantime, we are working under the bilateral system to liberalize the air traffic regime and gradually lift restrictions on routes, capacity and ownership of flights. The bilateral system has its weaknesses, but it can also be flexible and allow for rapid change, as the parties agree.